Paradigm K: Modal Operators

Semantically, modal operators are optional extensions of the place-structure of any predicate which specify the mode, means, manner, source, or conditions which a predicable relationship obtains. Syntactically, they are used like tense or location operators to form phrases or clauses. Like discursives, they are CVV-form words, and generally derived from 5-letter predicates; at present there are 12 such words but the list may be extended indefinitely; see Paradigm L.

ciu as much as/as little as/to the same degree as… (ciktu = equals)
coi according to rule/method/ authority… (tcori = authority)
dii for/on behalf of… (dilri = represent)
duo in manner/mode…/by method… (durzo = do)
hea with…'s help/through agent… (helba = help)
kii with/accompanied by… (kinci = with)
lia like/as/in the way that… (clika = like)
lui1 for/in order to please… (pluci = please)
mou more than/to a greater degree than (mordu = more)
peu re/concerning/as for/with regard to… (perti = pertain)
sea instead of/in place of… (setfa = put)
tie with…, a tool or means (trime = tool)
1 lui differs from the indicator cia in that the former relates the element it modifies to definite arguments, whereas the latter relates the element to the foregoing discourse.
Note: Ciu and mou form the following series:
ciuequal to
nociunot equal to
mougreater than
nomounot greater than
numouless than
nunomougreater than or equal to