The Loglan Little-Word File

(Also known as Loglan 1 Appendix A)

Sorted by Lexeme

Last updated: 31 July 1996, by Bill Gober

Column meanings:

  1. The little word or little word affix itself.
  2. The punctuation, if any, that corresponds to the little word.
  3. The definition or description of the little word.
  4. The lexeme that the little word belongs to.
  5. The little word's 'sub-lexeme'. Some of the lexemes are large and can usefully be subdivided. Here are those lexemes and their sub-lexeme codes:
  6. 'N' indicates that this entry is substantively unchanged from L1. 'Y' indicates that this entry is new or differs from what appeared in L1.

Click on the column heading to re-sort by that column.

aor/and-or (with arguments or predicates, i.e. "terms")AN
eand (with terms)AN
oif and only if (with terms)AN
uwhether (with terms)AN
hais how connected to?AN
noaonly ifAN
nuuwhether.., ..AN
bi[ = ]is (identity)BIN
biais part ofBIN
bieis a member ofBIN
cie[ < ]is less thanBIN
cio[ > ]is greater thanBIN
caor/and-or (between words)CAN
ceand (between words)CAN
coif and only if (between words)CAN
cuwhether (between words)CAN
ci[ - ](open hyphen)CIN
cui(left mark of a left connectand in word-strings)CUIN
daX (it, he, she, they, him, her, them)DAdN
deY (it, he, she, they, him, her, them)DAdN
diZ (it, he, she, they, him, her, them)DAdN
doW (it, he, she, they, him, her, them)DAdN
duQ (it, he, she, they, him, her, them)DAdN
basomething/-one xDAnN
besomething/-one yDAnN
bosomething/-one zDAnN
busomething/-one wDAnY
muwe/us (you & I/me)DApN
taothe former situationDAsN
tiothe latter situationDAsN
toathe former remarkDAsN
toithe latter remarkDAsN
beuPatients/Parts (case tag)DION
cauQuantities/Values (case tag)DIOY
dioDestinations/Receivers (case tag)DION
foaWholes/Sets (case tag)DION
goaGreaters (in greater/lesser than relations, case tag)DION
juiLessers (in greater/lesser than relations, case tag)DIOY
kaoActors/Agents/Doers (case tag)DION
laethe addressee of.. (indirect designation)DIOY
luea sign of (the inverse of indirect designation)DION
neuConditions/Circumstances/Fields (case tag)DION
pouProducts/Purposes (case tag)DION
sauSources/Reasons/Causes (case tag)DION
veuEvents/States/Effects/Deeds/Means/Routes (case tag)DION
zua(tag of the normally 1st argument)DION
zue(tag of the normally 2nd argument)DION
zui(tag of the normally 3rd argument)DION
zuo(tag of the normally 4th argument)DION
zuu(tag of the normally 5th argument)DION
ga(predicate marker)GAN
getype of/for aGEN
geu(right mark of a ge-group)GEUY
gi(right mark of displaced object(s))GIN
goi(right mark of a sentence quantifier)GIN
goof (inversion operator)GON
gu[, ](proximal right boundary marker; all clauses)GUN
gue(right boundary mark for je/jue-phrases only)GUEN
gui(right boundary mark for ji/ja/jiV/jaV-phrases only)GUIN
guo(right boundary mark for lepo-type clauses only)GUON
guu(right boundary mark for termsets only)GUUY
hoiHey/O..! (vocative mark, letter opening)HOIY
hue(inverse vocative, letter closing)HUEY
i[. ](full stop)IN
ieWhich/Which of..?IEN
jeof/by/to (1st desc. link)JEN
jawho/which is (non-restrictive)JIN
jithat is (restrictive)JIN
peof (possessive)JIN
jaewho/which is one of (non-restrictive set membership)JIN
jiethat is one of (restrictive set memberships)JIN
jaosuch that, incidentally, (non-restrictive clauses)JION
jiosuch that (restrictive clauses)JION
joso to speak (metaphorizer)JON
jueof/by/to (2nd descriptive link)JUEN
koif and only ifKAN
kie[ (](left open parenthesis)KIEN
kiu[) ](right open parenthesis)KIUN
lau(introduces list of set elements)LAUY
lou(introduces an ordered list)LAUY
lathe one named..LEN
lothe mass of..LEN
laathe unique object which.. (if there is such an object, otherwise the empty set)LEY
laothe one with non-Loglan name..LEY
leathe set of all..LEN
leean arbitrarily chosen object which.. (if there is such an object, otherwise the empty set)LEY
leuthe particular set of..LEN
loethe typical..LEN
liquote (left mark)LIN
lie(strong quotation mark)LIEN
liothe number..LIOY
liithe single character.. (character quote)LIUY
liuthe single Loglan word.. (word quote)LIUN
niu[*]the incorrect Loglan.. (spoken form of '*') LIUY
luend quote (right mark)LUN
lua(closes list of set elements)LUAY
luo(closes an ordered list)LUAY
me(extensional predifier)MEY
mea(metaphorical predifier)MEY
remost/most ofNIaN
riseveral/a few ofNIaN
romany/much ofNIaN
ruenough/enough ofNIaN
saalmost all/about..NIaN
siat most/at most one of..NIaN
susome/some of/at least/at least one of..NIaN
fe[5]five/five ofNIdN
fo[4]four/four ofNIdN
ne[1]a/an/one/one ofNIdN
ni[0]zero/no/none ofNIdN
se[7]seven/seven ofNIdN
so[6]six/six ofNIdN
te[4]three/three ofNIdN
to[2]two/two ofNIdN
ve[9]nine/nine ofNIdN
vo[8]eight/eight ofNIdN
hohow many?NIhN
nono/not/non-/It is not the case that..NON
fufrom/by/for (2nd passive)NUN
juamong/under/via (4th passive)NUN
nu-ed/un-/than (1st passive)NUN
fuo(reflexive conversion for 4rd argument)NUY
juo(reflexive conversion for 4th argument)NUY
nuo(reflexive conversion for 2nd argument)NUY
koubecause of (cause)..PAcN
moibecause of (motive)..PAcN
raubecause of (reason)..PAcN
soabecause of (premise)..PAcN
vufar from/awayPAlN
viathroughout.., a medium placePAlN
viithroughout.., a small placePAlN
viuthroughout.., a large placePAlN
ciuas much as/to the same degree as ('equality' modal)PAmN
coiaccording to rule/method/authority..PAmN
diifor/on behalf of..PAmN
duoin manner/by method..PAmN
gau(strong potentiality marker)PAmY
heathrough../with..'s helpPAmN
kiiwith/accompanied by..PAmN
lialike/as/in the way that..PAmN
luifor/in order to please..PAmN
miawould/should/could (subjective subjunctive marker)PAmY
mougreater than/to a greater degree than ('more than' modal)PAmY
peure/concerning/as for..PAmN
seainstead of/in place of..PAmN
tiewith.., a tool or meansPAmN
viewould/should/could (objective subjunctive marker)PAmY
fawill/then/after.. (future tense)PAtN
nais/now/at.. (present tense)PAtN
pawas/then/before.. (past tense)PAtN
fiawill be..-ing/since/ever sincePAtN
fuawill habitually..PAtN
giais..-ing; continuous in a time-free sensePAxN
guadoes..; habitual in a time-free sensePAxN
po-ing (events/states)PON
pu-ness (properties)PON
zoamount ofPON
heis what/a what?PREDAN
buais P/is a P (1st bound predicate variable)PREDAN
buiis Q/is a Q (2nd bound predicate variable)PREDAN
duais/does the former (the 2nd free predicate variable)PREDAY
duiis/does the latter (the 1st free predicate variable)PREDAY
soi(pseudo-onomatopoeia marker)SOIY
sao(predifies a non-Loglan word)SUEY
sue(onomatopoeia marker)SUEY
aeYes, I hope toUIaN
aiYes, I willUIaN
aoYes, I want toUIaN
auI don't careUIaN
eaLet's/I suggest thatUIaN
eiIs that so?UIaN
eoPlease/May I?UIaN
euSuppose thatUIaN
iaYes, that's true/CertainlyUIaN
iuI don't knowUIaN
oaI/you mustUIaN
oeI/you shouldUIaN
oiI/you mayUIaN
ouIt doesn't matterUIaN
uaThere! (completion/satisfaction)UIaN
ueWell! (surprise)UIaN
uiGood! (pleasure)UIaN
uoWhat! (annoyance)UIaN
uuSorry!/Alas! (sorrow/regret)UIaN
die(affectionate attitudinal)UIaY
fie(friendly attitudinal)UIaY
kae(courteous attitudinal)UIaY
nue(neutral attitudinal)UIaY
rie(respectful attitudinal)UIaY
beafor exampleUIdN
biuit is possible thatUIdN
buohowever/on the contraryUIdN
cao(emphasize next word)UIdN
ceathat is/in other wordsUIdN
ceuanyway/in any caseUIdN
coain short/summarizingUIdN
dauit is probable thatUIdN
dougiven/by hypothesisUIdN
faeand vice versaUIdN
faofinally/in conclusionUIdN
feuin fact/actuallyUIdN
geaagain/I repeatUIdN
nao(mark of new para./topic)UIdN
niein detail/looking closelyUIdN
paeand so forth/etceteraUIdN
piuin particularUIdY
suialso/too/moreover/in addition/furthermoreUIdN
taain turn/in sequenceUIdN
voiskipping detailsUIdN
zouby the way/incidentallyUIdN
siathank youUIgN
siuyou're welcomeUIgN
zeand jointlyZEN
i-(connective prefix, as in ice)-N
-y-[-](close hyphen within words, as in mekykiu)-N
-n-(2nd postvocalic hyphen, as in pienruu)-N
-r-(1st postvocalic hyphen, as in baormao)-N
-z-(acronymic hyphen, as in AzAzA = 'AAA')-N
-ai(Latin u.c. consonants, e.g. Kai)-N
-ei(Latin l.c. consonants, e.g. kei)-N
-eo(Greek consonants l.c. w/o gao-, u.c. with gao-. E.g., seo [s], gaoseo [S].)-N
-ci(connective suffix, as in aci)- N
-fi(Greek vowels l.c. w/o gao-, u.c. with gao-. E.g. afi [a], gao,afi [A].)-N
-fi-ly (utterance ordinals, as in nefi 'firstly')-N
-ge(connective suffix, as in age)-N
hi[,](close comma; syllabification mark, as in Lo,is 'Lois')-N
-jo(phrase metaphorizing suffix, as in tojo = take the two previous words metaphorically)-Y
-ma(Latin u.c. vowels, e.g. Ama [A])-N
no-(connective prefix, as in noa, noca)-N
nu-(connective prefix, as in nuu, nucu)-N
pi[.](decimal point)-N
-po(descriptive suffix, as in lepo)-N
-pu(descriptive suffix, as in lepu)-N
-ra-some (cardinals)-N
-ri-st/-nd/-rd/-th (ordinals)-N
-si(Latin l.c. vowels, e.g. asi [a])-N
-za(medium interval)-N
-za(quoting-word suffix; specifies spoken form of item)-Y
-zi(quoting-word suffix; specifies written form of item)-Y
-zi(short interval)-N
-zu(long interval)-N
gao-(Greek u.c. letterword prefix, as in gaoseo [S].)-N
gie[[](left close bracket) (math)-N
giu[]](right close bracket) (math)-N
hie[(](left close parenthesis) (math)-N
hiu[)](right close parenthesis) (math)-N
kia(delete previous word; a metalinguistic op.)-N
kio(delete this utterance; a metalonguistic op.)-N
kua[/]over/divided by.. (math)-N
kue[\]under/dividing.. (math)-N
nea[-]negative (sign of a negative number)-N
nio[ - ]minus/less (sign of subtraction)-Y
-noi(suffix form of -no after connectives, as in anoi, kanoi)-N
pea[+]positive (sign of a positive number)-N
pio[ + ]plus/and (sign of addition)-Y
suato the power.. (math)-N
suuto the root..-Y
tia[ * ]times/multiplied by-N
zoa["]double prime (math)-N
zoi[']prime (math)-N