(From Lognet 92/2)


By Stephen L. Rice

Finally, some words for discussing all those logla books, periodicals, and shows that are popping up everywhere! Also, a word from Bill Gober (WG)—would that it had been a more pleasant one, but there’s life for you. There's also one from Jim Smith (JLS).

1. Theme Words: Genre Terms

Genres proper:

blifikco <bli(cu)+fikco = possible-fiction> is a work of imaginative fiction by.. 2-Cpx ’92

[This covers both science-fiction and fantasy. Technically, this is abbreviated from blipeo fikco; all fiction is (should be) imaginative, of course, but this type is especially speculative.]

sesblifikco <se(n)s(i)+bli(cu)+fikco = science-possible-fiction> is a work of science fiction by.. 3-Cpx ’92

majblifikco <ma(d)j(i)+bli(cu)+fikco = magic-possible-fiction> is a work of fantasy by.. 3-Cpx ’92

[Magic is the hallmark of true fantasy.]

sesmajblifikco <se(n)s(i)+ma(d)j(i)+bli(cu)+fikco = science-magic-possible-fiction> is a work of science fantasy by.. 4-Cpx ’92

[Examples being Niven’s Magic books and Anthony’s Xanth series.]

For comparison:

pipstuci <pip(lo)+stuci = people-story> is a folktale about..among people.. 2-Cpx ’92

majpipstu <ma(d)j(i)+pip(lo)+stu(ci) = magic-people-story> is a fairy-tale about..told by/among people.. 3-Cpx ’92

lidpipstu <lid(ji)+pip(lo)+stu(ci) = religion-people-story> is a myth about..from mythos/popular reli-gious tradition.. 3-Cpx ’92

[I suppose one could, in the interest of brevity, drop the -pip- without greatly changing the meaning.]

hispipstu <his(ri)+pip(lo)+stu(ci) = history-people story> is a legend about..told by/among people.. 3-Cpx ’92 (The difference between legends and other folk stories is that legends have a definite historical basis.)

denspe <den(ro)+spe(ni) = danger-experience> experiences danger..in situation.. 2-Cpx ’92 (This gives us denspe fikco for thrillers and adventure stories. Alternatively, we could use: denfikco <den(ro)+fikco = danger-fiction> is adventure fiction by.. 2-Cpx ’92.)

firfikco <fir(pa)+fikco = fear-fiction> is horror fiction by.. 2-Cpx ’92 (To make a distinction I’ve seen in some bookstores, we could use:)

majfirfikco <ma(d)j(i)+fir(pa)+fikco = magic-fear-fiction> is occult fiction by.. 3-Cpx ’92 (This seems to be a sub-genre of horror fiction, though I admit ignorance of the subject.)

tsiduvrai <tsi(me)+duv(ri)+(t)ra(t)i = crime-discover try> tries to solve/identify the perpetrator of crime..in situation../is a detective 3-Cpx ’92

[Whence tsiduvrai fikco or stuci, a detective story or mystery. This is different from tsime fikco, which would include gangster movies. Also, polsi fikco (cf. French roman policier, though the meaning here differs) refers to “police procedurals” such as Shannon’s Mendoza series and McBain’s 87th precinct stories.]

kecfadstu <kec(ri)+fa(n)d(o)+stu(ci) = sad-end-story> is a tragedy about..by.. 3-Cpx ’92

hapfadstu <hap(ci)+fa(n)d(o)+stu(ci) = happy-end-story> is a comedy about..by.. 3-Cpx ’92 (This is the old sense of the word, referring to a story with a happy ending.) [Hapfoastu also works.—JCB]

kamkystu <kamk(i)+y+stu(ci) = funny-story> is a comedy/funny story about..by.. 2-Cpx ’92 (The common sense today, whence furcko kamkystu situational comedy (or sitcom).)

vestrnu <E western> is a western by.. N-Prim ’92 (The languages I’ve checked generally borrow the English word. Perhaps we should borrow ?kaobhoi instead and call this ?kaobhoi fikco. The problem is that a complex for cowboy would be rather long: ?horski kasnykeu, for example.)

Other relevant terms:

studanci <stu(ci)+danci = story-plan> is the plot-/story-line of story.. 2-Cpx ’92 (The sequence of events.)

stuvidre <stu(ci)+vidre = story-idea> is the plot of story.. 2-Cpx ’92 (The main idea; the sort you find in capsule descriptions.)

stupeu <stu(ci)+pe(rn)u = story-person> is a character in story.. 2-Cpx ’92

prastu <pra(se)+stu(ci) = process-story> is a serialized story in..parts. 2-Cpx ’92

filjua <fil(mo)+ju(gr)a = feel-grab> is gripping/dramatic to.. 2-Cpx ’92

kechai <kec(ri)+ha(pc)i = sad-happy> is bittersweet to.. 2-Cpx ’92

kretau <kre(ni)+ta(rm)u = ray-weapon> is a ray-gun. 2-Cpx ’92

machumni <ma(t)c(i)+humni = machine-human> is a cyborg made by...2-Cpx ’92

macpeu <ma(t)c(i)+pe(rn)u = machine-person> is a robot/android made by... 2-Cpx ’92

grimadji <gri(tu)+madji = song-magic> enchants/musically works magic on..with effect... 2-Cpx ’92

lagkanra <la(n)g(a)+kanra = long-cane> is a staff. 2-Cpx ’92

madjysaa <madj(i)+y+sa(np)a = magic-sign> is a rune/hex-sign for doing..made by... 2-Cpx ’92

[?Majysaa is also possible; *majsaa is, of course, proscribed because its /js/ is impermissible.—JCB]

majmiksa <ma(d)j(i)+miksa = magic-mix> is a magic potion for doing..prepared by... 2-Cpx ’92

Some "western" terms:

fitveo <fit(pi)+ve(sl)o = foot-container> is a stirrup. 2-Cpx ’92

horcersi <hor(ma)+cersi = horse-chair> is a saddle. 2-Cpx ’92

jugkorji <jug(ra)+korji = grab-rope> is a lasso/lariat. 2-Cpx ’92

2. Word Families:

We use fibru for disabilities, so it seems only proper that we have antonyms with forli. First, there are simply types of physical strength, derived from predicates of exertion/movement:

cpuforli <cpu(la)+forli = pull-strong> is strong at pulling..against amount of resistance.. 2-Cpx ’92

These will be interesting primarily for the physical-fitness crowd, and are fairly easy to produce.

Second, there are more figurative kinds of strength. (Note that forli differs from folma by indicating intensity, not just quantity, and from mutce by representing a positive/admirable characteristic. It also indicates a probably innate ability, rather than mere intensity.)

balforli <bal(pi)+forli = balance-strong> is well-balanced/has a strong sense of balance under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

balfiu <bal(pi)+fi(br)u = balance-weak> is unstable/unsteady/has lousy balance under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

broforli <bro(da)+forli = break-strong> is durable/tough under stress.. 2-Cpx ’92

cirforli <cir(na)+forli = learn-strong> is intelligent/a good learner by standard.. 2-Cpx ’92 (Not necessarily fast, but thorough. This implies an antonym in -fiu:)

cirfiu <cir(na)+fi(br)u = learn-weak> is learning impaired by standard... 2-Cpx ’92

ckoforli <cko(zu)+forli = cause-strong> is effective in producing result..under circumstances.. 2-Cpx ’92

folkeo <fo(r)l(i)+(c)ke(m)o = strong-time> is the prime/peak period of.. 2-Cpx ’92

livforli <(c)liv(i)+forli = live-strong> is hardy/fit to survive stress/challenge... 2-Cpx ’92

disforli <dis(ri)+forli = decide-strong> is strong-willed about..under cirumstances... 2-Cpx ’92

disfiu <dis(ri)+fi(br)u = decide-weak> is weak-willed about..under... 2-Cpx ’92

driforli <dri(ki)+forli = remember-strong> has a strong/good memory. 2-Cpx ’92

foldriki <fo(r)l(i)+dri(ki) = strong-remember> strongly/vividly remembers..about... nu — impresses/burns itself into..’s memory of... 2-Cpx ’92

drifiu <dri(ki)+fi(br)u = remember-weak> is forgetful about..

durdrifiu <dur(zo)+dri(ki)+fi(br)u = do-remember-weak> is forgetful/absent-minded about doing... 3-Cpx ’92

firforli <fir(pa)+forli = fear-strong> is strong (from adrenalin) resulting from fear stimulus... 2-Cpx ’92

firfiu <fir(pa)+fi(br)u = fear-weak> is weak from fear..under... 2-Cpx ’92

folkeo <fo(r)l(i)+(c)ke(m)o = strong-time> is the prime/peak period of... 2-Cpx ’92

fotpyfiu <fotp(a)+y+fi(br)u = fat-weak> is flabby. 2-Cpx ’92 [/fop/ is available and could be assigned to fotpa; whence ?fopfiu.—JCB]

frelyforli <frel(o)+y+forli = insane-strong> is maniacally strong from psychological problem/stimulus..under... 2-Cpx ’92

galfiu <ga(n)l(i)+fi(br)u = organize-weak> is “organizationally impaired”/just plain messy under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92 (There is presumably an antonym (galforli) for super-organized types.)

garforli <gar(ni)+forli = rule-strong> is politically strong (unlikely to be challenged successfully) in system..under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

getforli <get(si)+forli = get-strong> is acquisitive/easily amasses..under.. 2-Cpx ’92 JLS

getmue <get(si)+mu(tc)e = get-extreme> is a miser/is grasping about..under... 2-Cpx ’92

ginforli <gin(ru)+forli = root-strong> is well rooted/established/grounded in... 2-Cpx ’92

hirforli <hir(ti)+forli = hear-strong> has a good sense of hearing/hears well under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

jelfiu <(d)jel(a)+fi(br)u = healthy-weak> is sickly/frail/prone to be ill under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

jugforli <jug(ra)+forli = grasp-strong> has a strong grip under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

jugfiu <jug(ra)+fi(br)u = grasp-weak> has a weak grip under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92 (A symptom of certain neuromuscular disorders. A related term:)

jugfaa <jug(ra)+fa(lb)a = grasp-fail> fumbles/fails to grasp..under conditions... 2-Cpx ’92

(Whence Jugfab! Butterfingers!)

junforli <jun(ti)+forli = young-strong> is youthfully strong. 2-Cpx ’92

kacforli <ka(n)c(e)+forli = aware-strong> is keenly perceptive/insightful about..under... 2-Cpx ’92

kacflo <ka(n)c(e)+fo/l(ma) = aware-full> is well-informed/aware of things concerning... 2-Cpx ’92

kacfiu <ka(n)c(e)+fi(br)u = aware-weak> is unobservant/clueless about.. 2-Cpx ’92

kanpyforli <kanp(a)+y+forli = compete-strong> is competitive/viable in contest... 2-Cpx ’92

kanpyfiu <kanp(a)+y+forli = compete-weak> is uncompetitive/not viable/disadvantaged in contest... 2-Cpx ’92

koiflo <ko(rj)i+fo/l(ma) = order-full> is imperious about..in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

kojforli <ko(r)j(i)+forli = order-strong> is commanding/irresistible about..in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

kojfiu <ko(rj)i+fi(br)u = order-weak> is ineffectual/wimpy/a nebbish about..in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

kolforli <kol(ro)+forli = color-strong> is vivid/intense, of colors. 2-Cpx ’92

kolfiu <kol(ro)+fi(br)u = color-weak> is pallid. 2-Cpx ’92

korforli <kor(ti)+forli = body-strong> is physically strong/hardy at task..under... 2-Cpx ’92

korfiu <kor(ti)+fi(br)u = body-weak> is frail/physically weak under... 2-Cpx ’92

kriforli <kri(do)+forli = believe-strong> is strong in faith concerning..under... 2-Cpx ’92

krifiu <kri(do)+fi(br)u = believe-weak> is faithless/lacking in faith concerning..under... 2-Cpx ’92 (Hoi Krifib! O ye of little faith!)

kriflo <kri(do)+fo/l(ma) = believe-full> is credulous (in the less insulting sense: someone who believes a lot, not necessarily incorrectly) about..under.. 2-Cpx ’92

kribuo <kri(do)+bu(nb)o = believe-foolish> is gullible/credulous about..under... 2-Cpx ’92

lenforli <len(gu)+forli = language-strong> is talented with languages/is a “linguist.” 2-Cpx ’92

lidforli <lid(ji)+forli = religion-strong> is religious/devout in faith.. 2-Cpx ’92

lidfiu <lid(ji)+fi(br)u = religion-weak> is a nominal follower of religion.. 2-Cpx ’92

lidpozfa <lid(ji)+pozfa = religion-oppose> is irreligious/hostile to religion..under... 2-Cpx ’92

lipforli <(k)lip(u)+forli = keep-strong> holds on to..under... 2-Cpx ’92

lipfiu <(k)lip(u)+fi(br)u = keep-weak> has trouble holding on to/keeping..under... 2-Cpx ’92

lipfaa <(k)lip(u)+fa(lb)a = keep-fail> drops../lets..slip under... 2-Cpx ’92

lipmue <(k)lip(u)+mu(tc)e = keep-extreme> is a “packrat” about/hoards..under.. 2-Cpx ’92

lodforli <lod(ji)+forli = logic-strong> is logical/a “Spock” about..under.. 2-Cpx ’92

lodfiu <lod(ji)+fi(br)u = logic-weak> is illogical/not logically gifted (more like McCoy) about..under... 2-Cpx ’92

lodflo <lod(ji)+fo/l(ma) = logic-full> is logical/full of logic in feature(s)..under system... 2-Cpx ’92

lodkai <lod(ji)+ka(tl)i = logic-characterized> is characteristically logical about..under system... 2-Cpx ’92 (Like lodforli, but not as “strong.”)

malbyforli <malb(i)+y+forli = sick-strong> is naturally resistant to disease. 2-Cpx ’92 (With a somewhat different sense, we have malbyfiu <malb(i)+y+fi(br)u = sick-weak> is weak from sickness... 2-Cpx ’92) [Why not ?malforli and ?malfiu?—JCB]

mocforli <mo(t)c(i)+forli = motor-strong> is high-powered/souped-up, as a car. 2-Cpx ’92

mocfiu <mo(t)c(i)+fi(br)u = motor-weak> is low-powered, as a car. 2-Cpx ’92

pazforli <paz(da)+forli = pause-strong> forbearing/patient (able to withstand long waits) in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

pazfiu <paz(da)+fi(br)u = pause-weak> impatient (not able/likely to handle delays) in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

penforli <pen(so)+forli = think-strong> is a “brain”/thinks strongly/profoundly about... 2-Cpx ’92 (The difference between this and conpeo is subtle. Basically, conpeo stresses the thinking, while penforli emphasizes the effort/aptitude involved.)

penfiu <pen(so)+fi(br)u = think-weak> is a “dimbulb”/shallow about... 2-Cpx ’92

punforli <pun(tu)+forli = pain-strong> has a high pain threshold for pain..under... 2-Cpx ’92

punfiu <pun(to)+fi(br)u = pain-weak> has a low pain threshold for pain..under... 2-Cpx ’92

punsanti <pun(to)+santi = pain-silent> is stoic/stolid before pain..in situation... 2-Cpx ’92

ridfiu <rid(le)+fi(br)u = read-weak> has a reading disability. 2-Cpx ’92 (The best-known form of this is undoubtedly dislleksi <dyslexia> has dyslexia/is dyslexic. S-Prim ’92)

sasforli <sa(n)s(e)+forli = sense-strong> is sensitive/perceptive concerning stimulus..under... 2-Cpx ’92

sasfiu <sa(n)s(e)+fi(br)u = sense-weak> is insensitive/sensorily weak concerning stimulus..under... 2-Cpx ’92

turforli <tur(ka)+forli = work-strong> is able/inclined to work hard at task..under... 2-Cpx ’92

turfibru <tur(ka)+fibru = work-weak> is not physically up to work..under... 2-Cpx ’92

volforli <vol(sa)+forli = voice-strong> has a strong (not necessarily loud) voice/stentorian under... 2-Cpx ’92

volfibru <vol(sa)+fibru = voice-weak> has a weak voice under... 2-Cpx ’92 (These terms are primarily for voice professionals.)

volfiumalbi <vol(sa)+fi(br)u+malbi = voice-weak-sick> has laryngitis. 3-Cpx ’92

[Morphological Note: As Steve is using -forli so successfully to contrast with -fiu, we need to look at fosli's claim on /foi/ again. If, as I suspect, Steve's work with forli has made it more productive than fosli in metaphor-final position—perhaps much more productive—then we would be justified in taking /foi/ from fosli and giving it to forli. If so, then all Steve's forli-final words in the above section would become foi-final and would contrast handsomely with the corresponding -fiu words: jugfoi/jugfiu, lipfoi/lipfiu, cirfoi/cirfiu, penfoi/penfiu and so on. The Keugru will study the matter and Steve will let you know the results next time. —JCB]

For mathematicians and sci-fi writers, we add another dimension to the lexicon:

terdirkai <te+r+dir(co)+ka(tl)i = three-direction-characterized> is three-dimensional, with dimensions... 3-Cpx ’92 (The mathematical sense of the word: we aren’t necessarily talking about spatial dimensions. Other dimensions may be accounted for similarly.)

basdirkante <bas(ni)+dir(co)+kante = basic-direction-count> is the dimensionality of... 3-Cpx ’92

Yet we may introduce:

fordirbalma <fo+r+dir(co)+balma = four-direction-ball> is a hypersphere with characteristics... 3-Cpx ’92 (I haven’t a clue what the characteristics should be; that’s something for mathematicians to haggle over. Similarly, for people wanting to translate Heinlein’s "And He Built a Crooked House", we have fordirkurfa <fo+r+dir(co)+kurfa = four-direction-square> is a hypercube/tesseract with characteristics... 3-Cpx ’92)

3. Miscellaneous

Basic ASL (American Sign Language) Terms:

amhesla <Ameslan> is a part/feature of the Ameslan language. N-Prim ’92 (Whence we get the name Ameslan as a regularly-derived name. The other ethnic forms should require no comment.) [I'd prefer ?amslana/amslani here. Dropping the /e/ avoids adding the /h/. —JCB]

hansaa <han(co)+sa(np)a = hand-sign> is a gesture meaning..to..in context... 2-Cpx ’92

hansanfoa <han(co)+san(pa)+fo(rm)a = hand-sign-form> is a hand-shape of... 3-Cpx ’92

hansanleu <han(co)+san(pa)+le(ng)u = hand-sign-language> is a sign language used by..in situation... 3-Cpx ’92

hanlea <han(co)+le(tr)a = hand-letter> is a letter from manual alphabet... 2-Cpx ’92

hanleasri <han(co)+le(tr)a+sri(te) = hand-letter-write> fingerspells..to/before... 3-Cpx ’92

dirdurpua <dir(co)+dur(zo)+pu(rd)a = direction-do-word> is a “directional” verb, a verb-sign which incorporates pronominal references in its motion. 3-Cpx ’92

klehansaa <kle(si)+han(co)+sa(np)a = class-hand-sign> is a classifier symbolizing a member of object-class... 3-Cpx ’92

Other Miscellany:

sectakma <se(k)c(i)+takma = sex-attack> rapes/sexually assaults.. 2-Cpx ’92 WG

prafau <pra(se)+fa(tr)u = process-trouble> harasses/pesters..about/for..by.. 2-Cpx ’92

[I use the short form because (uuia) we’re likely to encounter this idea frequently these days.]

biltysri <bilt(i)+y+sri(te) = beautiful-write> calligraphically writes/”calligraphs”..on..in style... 2-Cpx ’92

grujmi <gru(pa)+jmi(te) = group-meet> (group).. meets as a group. 2-Cpx ’92

duodza <du(rz)o+dza(bi) = do-exist> functionally/effectively exists with effect..for experiencer/user... 1a is virtual. 2-Cpx ’92 (?nurplidza is another possibility.)

tsijanto <tsi(me)+janto = crime-hunt> poaches..from legitimate owner/guardian.. 2-Cpx ’92

tcaberti <tca(ro)+berti> transports../gives..a ride in a car to..from.. 2-Cpx ’92

4. Reactions

In 91/3 I used the form ?tsikaitoa. Some readers questioned the form, suggesting that it needed hyphenation. But CVV affixes may be used without hyphenation if they are either non-initial or stressed; NB3:66-67. In this form, both CVVs are non-initial.

5. Problems

The ?vestrnu/?kaobhoi question is worth a look. On the sci-fi side, can anyone come up with a metaphor for force field? Some possibilities: ?nejycalcli (“energy-wall-like [thing]”) and ?nurckospa (“effect-space”). Also, what do we call soap operas? (Straight question; no insults, please. Somebody watches them.) To get the ball rolling, I propose ?cakprastu: a shocking serial (or a serial about shocking things).

How do we say miles per hour? I came up with ?marlyhotrao (“mile-hour-ratio”), as in Ba vi pa brize go marlyhotrao lio foni (There here were forty-mile-an-hour winds.). This would get a bit long with kilometers. Any better ideas?

Next issue: Household words, the things you use and do every day.

In two issues: Computer terms.

—Hue Stiv Rais